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ประวัติศาสตร์ ฟิสิกส์ รางวัล nobel บุคคล

รางวัลโนเบล สาขาฟิสิกส์ โนเบล ฟิสิกส์

physics

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Masatoshi Koshiba
Research Associate in the Enrico Fermi Institute, 1956-58.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2002
with Raymond Davis Jr. and Riccardo Giacconi
“for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos.”

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Daniel C. Tsui
S.M., 1963; Ph.D., 1967.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1998
with Robert B. Laughlin and Horst L. Störmer
“for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations.”

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Jerome I. Friedman

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Jack Steinberger
S.B., 1942; Ph.D., 1949.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1988
with Leon Lederman and Dr. Melvin Schwartz
“for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino.”

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Leon M. Lederman
Frank L. Sulzberger Professor in the College, 1989-1992.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1988
with Dr. Jack Steinberger and Dr. Melvin Schwartz
“for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino.”

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Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
Research Associate in the Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, 1937-1938; Assistant Professor, 1938-1942; Associate Professor, 1942-1943; Professor, 1943-1952; Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Physics, and the Enrico Fermi Institute, 1952-1995.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1983
with William Fowler
“for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”

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S.M., 1953; Ph.D., 1955; University Professor in the Department of Physics, the Enrico Fermi Institute, and the College, 1971-present.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1980
with Val L. Fitch
“for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons.”

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J. Robert Schrieffer
Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics and the Institute for the Study of Metals, 1957-60.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1972
with John Bardeen and Leon N. Cooper
“for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory.”

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Murray Gell-Mann
Instructor in the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nuclear Studies, 1951-53; Assistant Professor, 1953-54; Associate Professor, 1955.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1969
“for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions.”

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Luis W. Alvarez

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Hans Albrecht Bethe
Research Associate in the Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project, 1942-43.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1967
“for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars.”

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Julian Schwinger
Research Associate in the Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project, 1943.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1965
with Richard P. Feynman and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga
“for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles.”

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Eugene P. Wigner
Research Associate in the Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project, 1942 to 1945; Visiting Professor of Physics in the Enrico Fermi Institute, 1957.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
with Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen
“for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles.”

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Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Consultant, Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project, 1944-46; Volunteer Research Associate in the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nuclear Studies, 1945-48; Senior Physicist, Argonne National Laboratory, 1946-59; Volunteer Research Associate and Professor, 1949-53; Volunteer Professor in the Department of Physics, Enrico Fermi Institute, and the Institute for Nuclear Studies, 1959-60.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
with J. Hans D. Jensen and Eugene P. Wigner
“for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure.”

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Owen Chamberlain
Ph.D., 1949.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1959
with Emilio Gino Segre
“for their discovery of the antiproton.”

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Chen Ning Yang

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Tsung-Dao Lee

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Ernest Orlando Lawrence
(X ’24); Predoctoral candidate in Physics, 1923-24; D.Sc. (honorary), 1941.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1939
“for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements.”

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Enrico Fermi
Research Coordinator, Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project, 1941-43; Director of Argonne Laboratory, 1943-45; Charles H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Physics and the Institute for Nuclear Studies, 1945-54.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1938
“for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons.”

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Clinton Joseph Davisson
S.B., 1909.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1937
with Sir George Paget Thomson
“for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals.”

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Werner Heisenberg

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Arthur Holly Compton
Professor in the Department of Physics, 1923-29; Charles H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor, 1930-45; Dean in the Division of Physical Sciences, 1940-41, 1942-43, 1945; Chairman of the Department of Physics, 1940-43.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1927
with Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
“for his discovery of the effect named after him.”

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James Franck
Professor of Physical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry and the Institute of Radiobiology and Biophysics, 1938-49; Emeritus, 1949-63.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1925
with Gustav Hertz
“for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom.”

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Robert Andrews Millikan
(X ’94); Assistant in the Department of Physics, 1896-97; Associate, 1897-99; Instructor, 1899-1902; Assistant Professor, 1902-07; Associate Professor, 1907-10; Professor, 1910-21.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1923
“for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect.”

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Albert Abraham Michelson
Professor in the Department of Physics, 1892-1925; Chairman, 1892-1927; Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor, 1925-30.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1907
“for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid.”

 
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