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شʧͧþѲ෤ ͹ѭдǡ Ѻҡͧ ੾мżԵҧɵ ҾԸԵҧؤ͹ "" 繵 ؤ鹻Ѻ觾ѹءҧ仨ҡҵҧ ҧ "" ѧ繷趡§Сѧҡѹ֧·еҹѺ

óش Է¹ (.) кѷ ͹ҹ Ź ӡѴ 鷴ͧ١⾴Ѵŧѹء () ¾ѹ NK603 ŧͧẺԴҴ 5 ʶҹԨͺ֧Ҫ ͧɵʵ . 㹨ѧѴɳš ÷ͧ駹 ҧɵ . к ;ѲҴҹʹ·ҧҾ ͧҡ÷ͺдѺç͹ ¢⾴¾ѹդسѵ ҹҹ͡÷¢ͧáӨѴѪתʵ зáӨѴѪתջԷҾ Ŵû͹Ǵ

駹 ÷ͧл١⾴ NK603 дѺç͹ Ѻ繪ͺҡԪҡɵ ͹ .. 54 Шҡ .ἹзͧŧԴ ҧ ..-..56 աûЪѺѧԴ ЪҪ㹷ͧ ͻ͹ ..ҹ

§ԹҨա÷ͧ١תŧԴ §Ѵҹҡ½ 蹡çͧʹ ú Сû͹ͧ紾ѹҵ ֧Ӥѭ͡Էͧ紾ѹ㹡÷ͧ
 
  • "" Ѵ "չ" ͡Ẻͧ
ҧת ͡෤վѹǡ ¹չҡժԵ ԴسѵԾɵͧ ѵپת ҹպҧԴ 觡û١չ 2 Ըդ 1.Ấ¹觪شչ᷹ͧ 2. ͧԧ͹Ҥ

תͪԴáͧšҧ¤ (Flav Savr) ͧਹ (Calgen) ͧѰ (FDA) Ѻͧ㹻 1994 ˹Ѱ ҪҳҨѡ ء ѭҡâ仨˹ ͹Ң¨ԧѺʺ й͡ҡŴ鹷ع㹡âŧ ʪҵԡ ѧҤ٧ȷ繨ա

ҡ鹾תͪԴҧ ֧ͧҴ Ҩ ͧ ⾴ йѹ紽 ǡѹա÷ͧ㹾תоתѧҹաªԴ ѧҡ͹͡Ԩâͧਹ Ⱦѹѧǡҡҧ˹ա

觷ǧѺ෤աõѴ;ѹء鹤 ҶþѹءҡԹ˵ä Դ§٧ ա㹢鹵͹ͧö´͹鹡еͧ¼ (promotor) ¨ 繼¡ҨͻѭҡѺͺҧա
 
  • ෤յѴе شʹ?
ҧ ʹ蹢ͧתѴŧѹء ö͡ẺлѺاѹѡҾ٧ͧ Ҩ繡öҹҹäתԴعç ͨлѺҹҹس٧ Ҿ ״ءѡ ͷҹһҺѪת سҷҧҡ٧ ີ÷չиҵ㹢 ҹЪѭҡüԵ÷ҡ§͵ͤͧâͧ

ǹ·ѧ㹻繶§ѹ תѴ;鹸ءҨԴá ԴõҹһԪԹ Դ Ѫת þɪԴ ֧Դѵٷդҹҹ٧ ɰԨͧҨ繷ʤҧ෤ Դü١Ҵѹת

ա췴ͺʹ㹡úͧ ѧöкؼšзµçҨлʹ͹ҵҧ 駹 .ѡ ġ ҤԪҾġʵ Էʵ ŧóԷ ¹§ҹͧ "Թ GMOs : 蹤Фʹ·ҧҹСú" кض֧͡ѧ㹡Եѳҡҷ㹻繵ҧ

駹 ºس ҡйӾת᷹áöԨó繡ó ͧТ⾴Ѵŧѹء Ѵչҧõչ繾ɵŧͺշ (BT Toxin) õչ ºҡѺҵ 紸ѭתҹõչշ ͡Թ 觶ҵҧ仨ҡҵ ѧբ úշ ͡ԹǨСзآҾ

͡ҡѧ§ҹšõѴչسҷҧõչͧ ͧդسҢͧõչ鹨ԧ 辺Դ˹٧ѵ§١¹ Ҩѹµͷá㹤

ǹšзҧ·繡ѧ ͡Դ зԤѹ §ҹѺǡѹѧк ѡԷʵѧѴ֧˵آͧä óա÷ͧչҡǺҫŹѷ㹶ͧسҷҧõչ ͧѧѺչҧáҡҫŹѷҴ (ԡѹǹ˭ǺҫŹѷ) 觹ѡԷʵѧöҺ õѴչѡɳ㴺ҧҨԴ

͡ҡ úתѴ;ѹءҨ觼ŵԤѹ ÷ͧ˹Թѹ觴ѴŧѹءաҧŤԹ Ѻѹ觻ԷŤԹ ˹ٷԹѹ觴Ѵŧѹء ҡй˹ѡŴŧ з˹աա¹ŧԧź 觧ҹԨª鹹ѺԨóդó ش繶֧§ͧúè

駹 ҧ¢ͧѵ§١¹ҧԤѹ Ѻšš ҡҺתѴ;ѹءաʴͧ͡չ з͡Ѻššҧҡҵҡ Ҩ觼šзҧٻẺͧ ͶššʹͷöѴҡѺչͧժԵҧԴ Դ§٧ա

СõѴչ ͡áǢͧչ仵ҡѺתҧ öкص˹觢ͧչ šзҨԴٻẺҨҴ
 
  • þѲ෤դͤҷ
ҧá ͧͧѡԷʵ 觵ͧè෤ѭһҡͧ ͹Ҥѹ ѭһЪҡš ֧Ҿҡȼѹǹ觼ŵõҵԷ§͵͡ú ෤շҧüԵӹǹҡ 繷ҧ͡ʹ

.§ط طǧ ʹյѰաзǧԷʵ෤ Ǫҭҹ෤ժҾͧ Դ ֧ҷûա÷ͧ١ҧѴਹ »ȡ١ 繷ҧͧ͡ɵ ѺѺתҹ 觷ԧ㹻ա÷ͧҡ 30 ѧաѺͧҧ繷ҧ ÷ . ͡Ѻѷ͹ ͧѧ ١º

駹 .ѹ 25 ѹҤ 2550 ˹͹䢢ͧ÷ͧ١ת Ҩзͧ١㹾鹷Դ еͧ㹾鹷ͧѰ µͧաѺѧ繨ҡЪҪеͧʹ͵ͤѰ ͹ҹ֧ͧҧ ҹ鹷ͧ .

.بԹ Թ¹ ͸ԡú . ѡѹԴ÷ͧѺ͹ҹⵤ駹 Ѻ繼Ǫҭ㹡þѲҾѹ⾴ ¾ѹѹҧ㹻 ˵ؼ 索⾴١ 4 ¾ѹ ١ա 3 ¾ѹ ͷѾҡ 駻ѭѵپת ֧ͧҷҧżԵŴ鹷ع ͧë;ѹҡҧ 觹ѡԪҡõͧԴ֧⾴Ƿѹš سѵ蹢ͧ¾ѹҧ Ҽѹ͵ҹҹä

駹 .بԹɳ ⾴ͻʺ 19 ҡѰʹѺʹعжçùͧ ջª Ŵ 觢ѹѺ
 
  • "͹" 觷Ǻ
û١תѴ;ѹء͡ú ռµçͻҡͧ ҨҡѧҡѺû͹ҧл١ ¹Ա ¹٭ ӹ¡ŹԸԪԶ () ͸Ժ ҡǨ͹ лͧû͹ С÷ͧ١ŧẺԴҤʹء öա§û͹

Ѻóսºշ ͹¹ҷͧ١ . ͻ 2538 Դû͹ СóشС ͧԪҡɵ .͹ 觷ءȷա÷ͧǹԴ˵ػ͹

"⾴ͧùѺҹ Ф觡 ͧùѺʹö任ѺתԴ" Ա͸Ժ ա駡͹˹ҹ ͻ 2552 ..ѡ Դ¼šõǨͺҧת 768 ҧ תѴŧѹءӹǹ 17 ҧ ⾴ С ͧ оԡ

駹 ҡԴóաû͹Ѻתͧ ͹ռµçɵԹ żԵ ͡ȷ軯ʸ ҧҾû ͧ١աѺ ɵáҨеͧ١ѧѺһҺѪת˵ҧת͹ ͹ ջѭͧԷ㹡紾ѹա

㹤ѧͧû͹ ..ǧѹ ǧѵ ¡Ҥ紾ѹ觻 ҨҤԪҾת Էɵʵ ҧ÷ӻЪҾԨó 黯ʸѭҹ Ѻ͡ Ѻзҹͧ͵ͧ 10 Ҩе͵ҹçôѴŧѹظ¾ѹ NK 603 礧ͧͧáմѹҧä

ҧá ÷ͧ١кԸաõǨͺѴਹ 㹤繢ͧѡԪҡ÷ҧҹ к 繨еͧ෤ժش зš ǹ´ҹ૿㹻 Ҩѧ͡ ºͺѧѺ㹡÷ͧѴਹ

駹 ˹㹼Ѵҹ÷ͧ١תҧ ¹ԱкتѴ ԴТѴҧ 100% öͧŧẺԴ ҷӵ͹ҧç仵ç ͧҵáôҹ૿շѴਹ Ǩͺ ҡԴ ͧռѺԴͺ ͹óաû͹ҧҹ
 
  • ͹¹ҡؤ "ѵ" 駻Ҧŧ
ԧǤѭһҡͧ þ§͡ú ੾ѧؤʧš żԵҧɵâҴŹ ͧ觾ҡɵẺ żԵҡ йüԵͧüšҡɵáẺ ֧Դͧѡášɵ СèѴÿҧк 觹蹡 ؤ "ûѵ" (Green Revolution)

ûѵǻʺҧҡ ੾㹪ǧ 1963-1983 ͪżԵšͧ ǧբ Т⾴ 3-5% ͻ ͧСɵš (FAO) §ҹ 㹪ǧѧҡ żԵѧ ըӹǹŴŧ о鹷л١µҡ ¢Ѻdzó ͧáèѴêŻзҹ о鹴Թ

ͧüżԵҧɵ͡صˡ÷駡Ѻѵҡ աâ¡л١鹷ó ֧յǪѭҧ "" ͻն١ҡ ת͹ 跹ҹѵپת ֧áӨѴѵپת Ҧŧ ա㹻ҳ Ф աзżԵ

Ũҡзǧɵˡó ͻ 2555 к ҳբͧɵáҳ 5.4 ҹѹ 鹨ҡա͹˹ ҳ 5.3 ҹѹ ¡û١ǹһѴǹջҳ 18% ͧ鹷عüԵ ǹһѧ 16% ⾴§ѵ 21% л 41% 繵 觹Ѻ繡շҡԹ йѺ繡鹷عлѧöԵͧ繵ͧաù
 
  • ü١ҴԴ ෤ͧ
þѲ෤ҨСó ؤҦŧ ؤѴ;ѹء Ңͧ෤ǹ˭ª ¡ҢͧԷҧç

¡ҧ ѷҾѹתдѺšҧ͹ҹ ԵһҺѪת RoundUp Ready ѹ觴ѧ еҡѲҶͧ¾ѹҹҪԴѧ ɵáһҺѪתҡ觼ͧ͹ŧ ѧ鹡ͧ跹ҹҴѧ繷ҧ͡շ

ǡѺת ǹ˭繡þѲҷǺ仡ѺԵѳ ҧͧͧ͹ҹͧѹҹһҺѵپתͧ͹ҹǺ仴 ѹ⾴ NK603 йҷͧ ͢⾴跹ҹҦ˭ RoundUp ͧ͹ҹͧ

תͻ١ 3 ˭ Ѱ ਹԹ ᤹Ҵ »ҳ 70% ;ת͵ҹҹջҺѵپת ըش͵ͺʹͧɵá ѷջҺѵپת ѧ紾ѹ 2

蹹 ѴҼŻª繢ͧѲ紾ѹ 紾ѹҧ ѲҢҹ鹵ͧѡԷʵդӹҭػóҤ 觼駺ҳ㹡þѲҾת٧ҡ ֧§ѷ ǹҡ繺ѷѡ˭

ѧ鹡紾ѹѧǡͧͨҡҢͧԷµç ͡ҡ繡û͹ҡѹת˹ѹת 㹷ͧ ҡչ觪ҾѲҢºѷ öҧԷ˹;תѹ

ҧش ͡ҧ͹ ..ҹ ٧ͧѰ ѴԹ͹ҹ⵪ФտͧɵáѰԹ¹ ҹ紾ѹԷԺѵ任١ Ѻ͹حҵ ªǹҤѧ紶ͧҡç㹷ͧ 紾ѹǴѾ ôͧ͹ҹ⵨ԷԺѵ ͹任١ 繡üԵ»ȨҡԹҡ͹ҹ

Ū ͹ҹ⵨Էá᫧紾ѹ ǹҤѧǡù紾ѹ任١ ҷ§Һ §ѵҹ ͹ҹͧҧ͹ǹ繵ѭ紾ѹ ͧء Ҥҡ٧

駹 ٹͤʹ·ҧ ͧѰ (Center for Food Safety) 红 㹡û١ͧ 1995-2011 Ѻ 325% 90% ͧͧѰ ͹ҹ ǴѾ ô ҵ 1996

èԷԺѵ紾ѹ С纤ɵá㹡õءû١ҡѹ ԴÿͧͧԴԷԺѵ ੾͹ҹ 140 繪ǹ 410 áԨҴ 56 ¡ͧ 23.67 ҹ ( 702 ҹҷ)

"͹ҤҨԴҪվҴ ѡҧ դͧ÷ӼԴ ҤԴԷԺѵ ɵá÷šж١Թ ١´¹¡·ͺ" ԱҾ ü١ҴẺ蹤ҧ

·شþѲ෤ ѺѡԷʵ繤ҷ·еʹͧ 㹷ҧԺѵ 繡Է͡Ҷ֧෤չͧӤѭ

ǹûѺ觾ѹءתѭҷҧɵ ͹繷ҧ͡դѴԵ ҧʧ¡ѧ ҧªɷе ѧ蹡óɵؤѨغѹ ѭһҡͧʹյ ¡ɵẺҹ 駹ҧ˹ѡ żԵͧתԴ㴪Դ˹ Сá͡ҡɵ ɵèӵͺ

ѭ ¡ҧѭ˭?

 

.بԹ Թ¹

 

.§ط طǧ

 

Ա ¹٭


10 ˵ؼŶҴ ͧ§è


ͧͧתѴŧѹء趡ѹǹҹ ˵ؼ ͹ѵشԺҡáѭҤҡ ҧŻªɵá ѧ觪ѹªѴ ǽ·繴¤è˵ؼūѡҹҧô

10 ˵ؼӤѭ㹡§ ͨ§ժԵѴŧѹء () ҹ˹ѧ͢´բͧ ਿ Ը (Jeffrey Smith) ҡʶҺѹ෤ҧդѺԴͺ "" (The Institute for Responsible Technology : IRT) 仴١ѹ Ǫҭҹйҵͺҧúҧ

1. 觷Ѵ觾ѹءյآҾ

ʶҺѹ͹Ǵԡѹ (American Academy of Environmental Medicine : AAEM) ᾷûʹ ҧ֧÷ͧѵʴ úè кҧԹԤѹͧ աѧ ԴСպصҡ

͡ҡš֡ѧ è仹 Ҩѵšŧҧ ШԴѭ ¾þɦŧҡ⾴Ѵŧѹءʹͧ˭ԧդ ѧǡѹá㹤ͧǡա

ѭآҾӹǹҡ ҡѧҡ෤ԤõѴ;ѹءժԵ 1996 ѧҡ ԡѹԴҡ纻ѧ鹨ҡ 7% 13% § 9 ੾ҧ觡÷٧ ֧ҡüԴ ͷʵԡ ѭҡ׺ѹ С

Ҩѧա֡Ҫ ˵آͧҡ纻·ԴҨҡõѴ;ѹء ᾷҡ AAEM ͼػ ǡҵͧͧͧ ੾ҧ硷§ѺšзҡҡҼ˭

͡ҡ ҤҸóآԡѹ (American Public Health Association) ҤҺԡѹ (American Nurses Association) ˹ ͡һйҧ з IGF-1 ҡԹ IGF-1 ǢͧѺҧ


2. ͷӾѹء "͹"ʹ

ͧó索ͧתѴ;ѹءö任лѺժԵ ֧·зӤҴ Դû͹кѺչ 觡ѹµǾתԴ Դ žɴѧǨǹҹҹš͹ ͡ҡ ѧ鹼¨Դ鹵Ǵ͹Ҥ Сû͹ͧת 觼ŵ͡ɵԹСɵá÷ͧþת 蹨Сз֧ɰԨšµç


3. ɵèҦ˭

תѲҢǹ˭鷹ҹ͡áӨѴѪת ҧ ͹ҹ ˹¾תǹѾ ô (Roundup Ready crops) 觾ѲҢʹҡæѪתǡѹ

㹪ǧ 1996 - 2008 ɵáѰ մæѪתŧ١ת鹨ҡͺ֧ 2 ʹѹ ԴҡԹ蹹оתҹҹæ˭ҢͧǹѾ ɵááҩմҹ˹ѡ͡ӨѴѪת§

áӨѴѪתҡ¡ šзǴ ѧҧ㹾תҧ ѧ͹һا ҹԴҴ㹨ӹǹҡ ͹觼ŵ к׺ѹ 秵㹷ش

4. ѹǡҧŢҧ§ѹ

¡üչҡ¾ѹǢͧѹ ӹ֧֧ͧչժԵաԴ 駡кǹáչ᷹ ҨҧþɪԴ á á СâҴ

5. áӡѺŢͧѰѹ

Ѱǹ˭ԡµͻ繤§ҹآҾǴͧ Ҩ繢ͺѧѺ͡·ҷѹ Ҩ˵ؼŴҹͧ

ҧͧѰ (US Food and Drug Administration : FDA) ¡Ҽš֡ҷҧҹʹ¢ͧè úѧѺԴҡ Եèҧ öҧ 觷ҧͿ ѧբҡͷЪ è鹵ҧҡûʹ Թҧ

ҧá ѡԷʵͧͿͧ ѧ͡ èöͼŷҨҴ ѧҡеǨͺŢҧ§ ǡҨж§֡Ҷ֧Ťʹ ҧºչº෤ժҾ պѷѲ紾ѹ좹Ҵ˭˹عѧ ֧ͿʹѺʹعè


6. ԸǡѺ "Էʵٺ" Ӥʹ

ѷ ෤ժҾ͡š ͧ (Orange Agent) , իպ (PCBs) Ҧŧ (մշ) դʹ ¾ٴẺԹ غ繧ҹԨ ͹蹷صˡٺ µ駡ͧع֡ͧͧ ʴ֧Ŵ ͡ẺҹԨ·ա§äһѭ ͼ֧ʧͧþѲҾתѴ;ѹء ͨз դʹ

7. Ԩ§ҹж١

ѡԷʵ鹾ѭǡѺõѴ觾ѹء١ лʸع ͧѺ ػäҴ˭ҧ鹹ѡԷʵӹǹҡ 駡»էҹԨ зª§ 蹾ä蹾ǡ 觡ҡ˵ؼҹ Դ˹㹷ҧԪҡ աͷѭҹѧ١ա«

8. õѴ觾ѹءѹµǴ

תաӨѴѪתǢͧ ѹµ ŧ ѵ觺觹 ֧кȷҧ ժԵ㹴Թ ÷蹹Ŵҡ·ҧҾ, Դž觹 ׹

ҧ תӨѴ觷¢ͧͨѡþô 觷ӹǹЪҡâͧʹѧŴŧ 50% Ѱ ͡ҡ áӨѴѪתǹѾѧ١ 繵˵ԴԴԢͧ׺ѹѵ觺觹 Ҩ繵͹еشЧѡ

ѧդѵ ջҳҡ աþҵѴ;ѹء㹻ҷ ⡵ Կ չæѪת͹

9. żԵ ѭһҡͧ

㹢зɵ׹Ẻʹ㹻ȡѧѲռѴ żԵ 79% ٧ҡû١ת 繢ŨҡҾѡԷʵդǧµѧ (Union of Concerned Scientists) ͻ 2009 §ҹ֧ǢͧżԵת

͡ҡ §ҹͧûԹҧɵ Էʵ෤͡þѲҡ (International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development : IAASTD) չѡԷʵѹ¹ 400 ҡʹѺʹعͧѰա 58 ׹ѹ תռżԵ٧㹺ҧó 㹺ҧóառżԵŴŧ

§ҹѺѧ к ûԹ෤աõѴ;ѹءҪ ѧҴͧþѲҢ ФѴ ֧ŻªѴਹ Ф·ա§ §ҹѺ ෤ը㹻Ѩغѹ ѧǪŴѭҤТҴ ֧ѧöѺا آҾ ЪԵ㹪 աӹ¤дǡѧ ҧ׹ѺǴ

㹷ҧçѹ ԹзѾҡҡ ҧ෤մѧ ʹ Ͷ դй


10. ջ¢ͼ

öա§ ¡ûʸ ѡѹ͡仨ҡǧ Шջªͼ Ҩաûʸ¹Դ 㹷شǹ繨㹷ͧҴС觷Դ ѷáй͡

û ͻ 1999 ѧҡաõվҹԨ¶֧ԴҴͧ 觼ЪҪ 蹵ǡѺѹ´ѧ зѰ աóաѴ;ѹء 觼ԴüѡѹԡǻԵ ʵѡ ҹ͹ кѷԵǹ˭Ѱ ѹѡѹ

ਿ Է 繼ӹ¡ʶҺѹ෤ҧդѺԴͺ ˹㹼ѡ㹡õҹè ˹ѧͧ͢ "Seed of Deception" (紾ѹ觡͡ǧ) ѴѹѺ˹觢ͧ˹ѧͷԷԾŵ͡ѺӤѭͧЪҪ з觡͡ ѧ¹ "Genetic Roulette" äդ§ͧõѴ;ѹءآҾա



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