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William Herschel Caroline Herschel ͹ѡʵͧͧժ§觴ѧ¤ʵȵɷ 18 William Ҫվ繹ѡоѹŧ͹ 繼Ǻͧŧҹ§ʶ ҧ Ҥ͹ѡʵѤ蹼ͺҧͧ÷ȹµͧ ʺ㹡þùѹ繴ǧ 7 ͧШѡ ǹ Caroline ͧǹ ѧҡӧҹ繼¢ͧ㹡ѧࡵٴ ๺ҨǪҭ ¡价ӧҹ繹ѡʵʵդáͧšѺԹ͹ ¼ŧҹþҧǧ 8 ǧ¼ŧҹ÷Ἱͧ๺ҹѺѹѺ 餹ͧ繤ѡʵӧҹѹŴ蹷ش㹻ѵԷʵ

˹ѧ Caroline Herschel’s Autobiographies Michael Hoskin ѧѴҤԪһѵʵԷ Cambridge 繺óҸԡ 觵վӹѡ Science History, UK ͻ 2003 ˹ѧ͹ Caroline 70 繤¹ѡ ҷҡ˹ѧšԸա÷ӧҹͧ Դзش¢ͧԵ 繹ѡʵ˭褹˹觢ͧš

Caroline Lucretia Herschel Դͧ Hanover ѹ 16 չҤ ..1750 (çѺѪ稾к) й Hanover ûͧͧ George 2 ѧ 3 Ǻ äմ ˹ 11 Ǻ äҡҴա ռŷҧ ٧§ 130 ૹҹͧ ԴҨ֧դ ҵԹ餧觧ҹѺ١ٻǤ ôҡǡѹ ѧ֧ͨ Caroline 繤㹺ҹʹԵ ȹ蹹 Caroline դ١ѹѺ觡

Caroline ԴҢͧ Isaac Herschel Ҫվ繹ѡ 繹ѡʵѤ Фͺ١ 6 ԴҨ֧ԴʹԷʹѺ١ й鹡ѧҾ仴ٴǹҡҧ׹ ; William ҡ Caroline 12 ͧѺäѴ͡繷㹻 1757 ;¾ź˹ͧ Bath 㹻ѧ ͧժ§ 㹰ҹзٹҧͧôСФâͧѧ William Herschel СͺҪվ繹ѡ᡹ʶ Ш繼ӡѺͧŧҹ§ʶ

ѧҡ William ҹ˹ѧͪ Astronomy Explained upon Sir Isaac Newton’s Principles ͧ James Ferguson վ㹻 1756 ˹ѧ A Compleat System of Opticks ͧ Robert Smith վ㹻 1738 William Herschel Ѻç㨷Ե繹ѡʵ ֧ҧͧ÷ȹ Źµͧ Шз͹ʧǶ١ͺ öǺʧҡ ͧ÷ȹẺѡ˹ѺþѲջԷҾ觢 ҡҧŹդ⿡ 7 صѺþѲԷҾ٧ դ⿡ 20 40 ص 繡ͧ÷ȹ˭ش дշش¹

ͧ͡÷ȹ William ҧջԷҾ٧ ֧繷ͧâͧЪҪҡ ռ William ҡâ¡ͧ ҹШ֧բ ԴЪǹͧ Caroline ͡ҡҹ¡ѹѧ ѧҡԴªԵ Caroline Ҿ͹㹺ҹ


William Herschel ¼繷駹ѡоѹŧйѡʵ


֧ѹ 24 ԧҤ ..1772 Caroline ֧͡͡ԹҧҡҹԴ Hanover ѧ ͷ˹ҷ仴źҹ· Bath ᷹еͧӧҹ繤㹺ҹ ͧ ѡ Ѵ зӤ ͤ Թբͧ ͧ ô 㹡÷ Caroline ö͡ҡҹ William ͧԹͨҧҷӧҹ᷹ Caroline

Caroline Թҧ֧ѧ ;ٴѧ Ѻ¡÷ӧҹ¾㹡äѴ͡ŧǴͧʶ վä㹡ͧŧ ѧ㹺ҧ ͨʴöͧŧʶ

ҵ William ¡ͧ÷ȹӹǹҡ Ҿ Ҫվҧͧ÷ȹ·ԹաҪվѡ ; George 3 çзҹԹӹҭ William Ҩ֧ѴԹԡҪվѡշѹ

¡ͧ÷ȹŹդ⿡ 7 ص William ҡóʵӤѭ 2 ͧ 繴Ǥ (double stars) 繤á ҡѡʵ繴Ǵǧ ͧʴ繪Ѵ ѹ繢ͧ 2 ǧѹ 繴Ǵǧ Сä鹾ͧͧ 㹻 1781 William Herschel 줹á繴ù ѭ١Ƿշ William յ; George 3 ʹͪʹǧ Georgium Sidus (觾Ҩ) ǧôʵ繴·йӪͧ͢繪ͧ͢ дǧ ǹ෾´ҷ ѧ Ǵǧ֧ Uranus šä鹾 William ժ§ҡؤӤѭ͹ͧ Bath еͧ͡ William Herschel ·ء

ѧҡ辺 Uranus 㹻 1782 ѵ George 3 ԭ William Ѻ Caroline 仾ӹѡҹ Datchet Ҫѧ Windsor Ͷ§ҹʵ;ͧ Թ 200 ͹ (㹢зѡʵҪӹѡ 300 ͹/) William ֧ԡҪվѡ Caroline ӧҹ繼¢ͧѹ 22 ԧҤ ..1782

ҷӧҹѹ William 繤ѧࡵٴ ͧǵ⡹͡´ͧ Caroline 絫ҾШ ŧҹͧͧѺا ŢͧǷ John Flamsteed 繹ѡʵҪӹѡ ºѹ֡騹١ͧ ŧҹͧ Flamsteed 繷Ѻ㹷ش

¹鹴ʵԪҷͧ繷ͧ餹ѧ ѧ ҡѵ George 3 çʧе͹ѺᢡҹᢡͧҪѧ Windsor ѧҡ¾Сä ͧзçᢡ仴ٴ William Herschel 繼¤͸Ժ

Datchet Caroline ˹ҷ¾ºѹ֡Ŵ ๺ 絫Ҿº͡ ҹ William ժ§觴ѧ价š Caroline ѧآ ֡˧ҷͧ͡ҡ Bath ͧ˭ѧդ֡ѡҹ Datchet ºẺҹ͡ ֡ҡ ѧ William ֧ӡͧ÷ȹẺѡʧҧͧٴ˧ Caroline ͧҧ ѧࡵ๺Ҩӹǹҡ·ѧҡ͹ 觼ŧҹ´ҡ



ѹ֡ä鹾ҧǧáͧ Caroline Herschel ͻ 1786


͹Զع¹ ..1785 ͧͧºҹͧ Slough (蹨 William ªԵ㹻 1822) Caroline ֡㹺ҹѧ кҹմҴ͢ѧࡵٴǺѧҺҹ Ҵٴ Caroline Ѻ William зӧҹ֧֡ 4 ֧ҹ͹ Ңͧѹ Caroline ШѴº§º ͷشªͧ͢ ѺҤ Royal Society վ㹻 1802 Philososhical Transactions ժ William 繹ѡԨѡ ˹ѧ͹ҾТŢͧ๺һҳ 500 ๺ СШء 2,000 Шء

㹪ǧҷѧɡѧչѡʵ William Herschel Caroline Herschel 㹽ʡ Charles Messier 繼Ǫҭä๺ дҧ 15 ç駩Ңͧ Messier “ҹҴҧ”

Ѻ Caroline Ҽҹ ͡դöҡ ҵöӧҹҧШҡ ѹ 12 Ȩԡ¹ ..1786 Caroline 龺ҧǧá (Ѩغѹҧ C/1786 P1 (Herschel)) 㹪ǧǡѹ William ѧԹҧ价Է Göttingen ͹ӡͧ÷ȹ仢 Caroline ֧ͧդ⿡ 27 ԴѧࡵҧǧáͧͶ֧ѹ 6 ԧҤͧյ ҡ鹴ҧҺ٭ ˵ءó William ԭ¡ͧҤ Royal Society Ѻѡʵ줹 ͧҤҷ Slough ѧࡵٴҧ Caroline

William ԹҧѺ֧ѧ 龺 Caroline ժ§觴ѧ价š William ŢҾ George 3 ͧçͧ÷ȹͧٴҧ Caroline

ض֧ѹ 8 Ҥ ..1788 William Herschel 50 ҾԸʡѺʵհҹдժ Mary Burney Pitt ѧ觧ҹ William ᷺ʹСеͧʵ ǹ Caroline ١Ѻ ֧֡Ҵʵҡ ¢ͧŢԹ͹Ѻͧ Joseph Banks 觢й鹡ѧç˹觹¡ͧ Royal Society ʹͤ Caroline 繼˭ԧ ѧ稾ҪԹ Charlotte ֧繼ҪҹԹ͹ ˵ءó William ԧ Banks ҡѵҪҹԹ͹ Caroline William ͧеͧ繤ҧ´Թ 100 ͹ 㹷ش稾 George 3 çѴԹз¾ҪҹԹ͹ Caroline 50 ͹ (¹鹤˭ԧԹ 10 ͹ ټ˭ԧ͹˹ѧ͵ҹԹ 40 ͹) Caroline ֧繹ѡԷʵʵդáͧšԹ͹ ˵ءóʹŢͧ˭ԧѧɷء

Ͷ֧ѹ 21 ѹҤ ..1788 Caroline 龺ҧǧ 2 35P/1788 Y1 ѧࡵٴҧǧ騹зѹ 8 Ҥ ..1789 Ǵҧ з觻 1939 Roger Rigollet 龺ҧǧա ֡ҸҵԢͧҧҧ´ ҧ֧ժ 35P/Herschel – Rigollet

Caroline ҧǧ 3 C/1790 A1(Herschel) ѹ 7 Ҥ ..1790 дǧ 4 C/1790 H1 (Herschel) ѹ 17 ¹ ..1790

ҡѧҡ龺ҧաҹҹ 20 ͹ Ͷ֧ѹ 15 ѹҤ ..1791 Caroline 龺ҧǧ 5 C/ 1791 X1 (Herschel) дǧ 6 ѹ 7 Ҥ ..1793 ҡҴҧ Caroline 繹 Messier 繤͹ ѧ ҧ֧ժ C1793 S2 (Messier)



ءҺҵ Herschel (ҧҾ) ǧѹ (ҫ)


Ͷ֧ѹ 7 Ȩԡ¹ ..1795 Caroline §ҹ繴ҧǧ 7 㹻 1805 ա 10 յ Johann Encke 繴ҧǧաӹdzԶ⤨ դҺ 12.1 觼Դ дҧǹѺա㹻 1822 ҧǧ֧ժ ҧ Encke 觹Ѻ繴ҧǧ 2 ѡʵöӹ١ СѺšա (ҧǧáѡʵӹdzҺ١ ҧ Halley)

Caroline 龺ҧǧشѹ 14 ԧҤ ..1797 C/1797 P1 (Bouvard - Herschel) Alexin Bouvard ʡ龺 ͹硹 㹤׹;ҧ Caroline Թҧҹ 6 зҧ 26 ҡ Slough ֧ Greenwich §ҹӹ¡ʹٴǪ Nevil Maskelyne Һ͹ (ѧҡ Bouvard) Թҧҹ ˹˹Ѻ˭ԧ 觤 觢ẺẺҾʵշͧѴѧ鵡 šԹҧ駹鹷֡˹ҡͧѡҹͧ Maskelyne ҹ¤׹

ѧ 1811 Caroline ֡ʹ㨷ФҴҧա ͵ͧ§繴ҧ繤á ʹ֡ҸҵԢͧ ͧ ҧ ֧ͧԶ⤨âͧҧ 駹Էʵҡͧ ᷺դ餳Եʵ

; William ªԵ㹻 1822 Caroline ֧ѴԹԹҧѺ Hanover 仾ӹѡѺҵ 㹪ǧش¢ͧԵ ͹ѺҹԴ·ʹʵͧ John Herschel ҹͷӧҹٴǵͷ Slough

Caroline ԴҡԵӧҹʵѹ 31 Ҥ ..1824 ѧҡ繴ҧ (C/1823 Y1) 龺 ʹءʹҹҡѺԵ Hanover ֡Ҵ㨷Ѻ¡ͧҡҡѧ

㹻 1828 Ҥ Royal Astronomical Society ͺ­ͧͼռŧҹ֡๺ 2,500 ๺ (Vera Rubin ʵդ 2 Ѻ­)
㹻 1832 ѵഹ졷çҪҹ­ҧ㹰ҹм龺ҧ 8 ǧ 觹Ѻҡҹѡʵʵդ ء¹
㹻 1835 Caroline Ѻ͡ҪԡԵѡͧ Royal Astronomical Society
㹻 1846 ѵ Prussia Ҫҹ­ͧͷҧŧҹҡ«觷ʵ˹
Caroline Herschel ªԵѹ 9 Ҥ 1848 ͧ Hanover 97

ѹʶԵԡþҧͧ Caroline ١ѡʵʵաҹ˹觪 Carolyn Shoemaker 1980 Shoemaker ͧ÷ȹöҾ٧ ෤Ԥúѹ֡Ҿ¿ʧ 㹢з Caroline Herschel

֧Ǩе¨ҡ ʶԵԶ١ §ͧ Caroline Herschel ѧ ءҺҵǧѹ˹觪 C. Herschel д·辺㹻 1889 Asteroid 281 Lucretia



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