เรียนภาษาอังกฤษกับ BBC สตีฟ เสียชีวิตเมื่ออายุ 56
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Apple's Steve Jobs is dead at 56

Apple on Wednesday announced the death of its visionary co-founder Steve Jobs, at age 56. Here some information on his death and life.

Apple CEO Steve Jobs launches the iPhone 4 / AFP

Click button to listen to Jobs and rightclick to download

Apple's Steve Jobs is dead at 56

Apple on Wednesday announced the death of its visionary co-founder Steve Jobs, at age 56.

"We are deeply saddened to announce that Steve Jobs passed away today," the company's board of directors said in a statement.

"Steve's brilliance, passion and energy were the source of countless innovations that enrich and improve all of our lives. The world is immeasurably better because of Steve."

Jobs underwent an operation for pancreatic cancer in 2004 and a liver transplant in 2009.

His ill-health was obvious in his later years and all major newspapers had prepared obituaries ready to be published when he died. Thus, already, there are many long and very interesting stories on Steve Job's life available on the internet.

Here are two short excerpts to give you an idea of who the man was and what he was like.

Los Angeles Times

Jobs was born in San Francisco on Feb. 24, 1955, to Joanne Carole Schieble and Syrian immigrant Abdulfattah Jandali, unmarried University of Wisconsin graduate students who put him up for adoption. He was adopted by Paul Jobs, a high school dropout who sold used cars and worked as a machinist, and his wife, Clara.

Jobs' willfulness and chutzpah were evident early on. At 11, he decided he didn't like his rowdy and chaotic middle school in Mountain View, Calif., and refused to go back. His family moved to a nearby town so he could attend another school.

While attending Homestead High School in Cupertino, Calif., Jobs met Steve Wozniak, who was nearly five years older. A technical wizard who was in and out of college, Wozniak liked to make machines to show off to other tinkerers.

Jobs worked sporadically as an electronics technician at video game maker Atari Inc., traveled to India on a quest for enlightenment and found guidance from a Zen Buddhist master.

Meanwhile, Wozniak had created a computer circuit board he was showing off to a group of Silicon Valley computer hobbyists. Jobs saw the device's potential for broad appeal and persuaded Wozniak to leave his engineering job so they could design computers themselves.

In April 1976, the two launched Apple Computer out of Jobs' parents' garage, reproducing Wozniak's circuit board as their first product.

New York Times

Eight years after founding Apple, Mr. Jobs led the team that designed the Macintosh computer, a breakthrough in making personal computers easier to use. After a 12-year separation from the company, prompted by a bitter falling-out with his chief executive, John Sculley, he returned in 1997 to oversee the creation of one innovative digital device after another — the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. They transformed not only product categories like music players and cellphones but also entire industries, like music and mobile communications.

Mr. Jobs was neither a hardware engineer nor a software programmer, nor did he think of himself as a manager. He considered himself a technology leader, choosing the best people possible, encouraging and prodding them, and making the final call on product design.

Adapted from an AFP story and stories from the Los Angeles Times and the New York Times.

visionary – original and showing the ability to think about or plan the future with great imagination and intelligence เพ้อฝัน,จิ นตนาการ
founder - a person who establishes an institution, business, or organization ผู้ก่อตั้ง
co-founder – a person who works with another to establish an institution, business or organisation
pass away – to die จากไป (ตาย), เสียชีวิต
board of directors – a group of elected or appointed members who oversee the activities of a company or organisation คณะกรรมการบริษัท
brilliance – high intelligence, skill or cleverness ความหลักแหลม, ความฉลาด
passion – a strong enthusiasm or interest ความชื่นชม หลงใหล
source – the place something comes from or starts at, or the cause of something แหล่งกำเนิด
countless – very many; too many to be counted มากเหลือคณานับ
innovation – the introduction of new things, ideas or ways of doing something; a new idea, way of doing something, etc. that has been introduced or discovered นวัตกรรม, การคิดขึ้นใหม่, สิ่งที่นำเข้ามาใหม่
enrich – to improve the quality of something, often by adding something to it ทำให้ดีขึ้น, ทำให้มีคุณค่ามากขึ้น
improve – to make better ทำให้ดีขึ้น
immeasurable – so large or great that it cannot be measured or known exactly มากจนไม่สามารถจะประมาณได้
undergo – to experience something which is unpleasant ประสบ
operation – the process of cutting open a part of a person's body in order to remove or repair a damaged part การผ่าตัด
pancreas – an organ near the stomach that produces insulin and a liquid that helps the body to digest food ตับอ่อน
cancer – a serious disease in which growths of cells, also called cancers, form in the body and kill normal body cells. The disease often causes death มะเร็ง
liver – a large organ in the body that cleans the blood and produces bile ตับ
transplant – a medical operation in which a damaged organ, etc. is replaced with one from another person การปลูกถ่าย
obvious – clear; easy to see, recognise or understand ชัดเจน
obituary – an article about somebody's life and achievements, that is printed in a newspaper soon after they have died ข่าวมรณะกรรม
excerpt – a part of a longer story, speech, song, text, etc. บทคัดย่อ
immigrant – a person who has come to a different country in order to live there permanently ผู้อพยพ, คนย้ายถิ่น
adopt – to take someone else’s child into your family and legally make him or her your own child รับเลี้ยงเป็นลูก
adoption – the act of adopting a child การรับเลี้ยงบุตรบุญธรรม
willfulness – determined to do what you want; not caring about what other people want ความจงใจ, ความตั้งใ
chutzpah – behaviour, or a person's attitude, that is rude or shocking but so confident that people may feel forced to admire it ความทะลึ่ง
evident – clearly seen; obvious เห็นได้ชัด
rowdy – making a lot of noise or likely to cause trouble เอะอะตึงตัง, เกเร
chaotic – happening in a confused way and without any order or organisation ยุ่งเหยิง วุ่นวาย
wizard – a person who is especially good at something ผู้เชี่ยวชาญหรือมีความสามารถอย่างมหัศจรรย์
tinker – to make small changes to something in order to repair or improve it ซ่อมแซม,ปะ,บัดกรี
sporadic – not regular or frequent ซึ่งเกิดขึ้นนานๆ ครั้ง, ที่เกิดขึ้นเป็นพักๆ
quest – a long search for something, especially for some quality such as happiness การแสวงหา
enlightenment – knowledge about and understanding of something; the process of understanding something or making somebody understand it การให้ความรู้,การทำให้กระจ่าง, การตรัสรู้, ความเห็นแจ้ง
guidance – help and advice about how to do something or about how to deal with problems การแนะแนว, การแนะนำ
master – a man who is very knowledgeable and good at something ปรมาจารย์
device – a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ
potential – possible ความเป็นไปได้
broad – wide กว้างๆ
appeal – a quality that causes someone to like or want something ความดึงดูดใจ, ความน่าสนใจ, ความเย้ายวน
persuade – to make someone agree to do something by giving them reasons why they should โน้มน้าวใจ เกลี้ยกล่อม
launch – to start selling a new product or service to the public เริ่มวางขาย
breakthrough – an achievement that comes after a lot of hard work การพัฒนาหรือการค้นพบที่ยิ่งใหญ่, การบุกเข้าไปในแนวเขตของคู่ต่อสู้
separation – a period of time that people spend apart from each other การแยกทางกัน
prompt – to cause someone to take action กระตุ้น
bitter – involving very angry feelings ความขมขื่น
fall out – to have an argument with somebody so that you are no longer friendly with them มีปัญหา, ทะเลาะวิวาท, มีเรื่อง
oversee – to watch or organise a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly คุมงาน,ควบคุม
creation – the act of making something new การสร้าง
transform – to change from one form into another เปลี่ยนไปสู่อีกสิ่งหนึ่ง
category – a group of things or people that have similar qualities หมวดหมู่ ประเภท
encourage – to cause someone to want to do something กระตุ้น ให้การสนับสนุน
prod – to push someone/something quickly แหย่, แยง
call – decision

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